Learn Keyboard

Piano Vs Keyboard

Acoustic Piano has hammers and steel strings that are enclosed by a wooden exterior. The keys are connected to the hammers. When a key is pressed, the hammer moves and strikes the strings, causing them to vibrate and produce the sound. There are two types of acoustic pianos: the grand piano and the upright piano.

Difference Between a Digital Piano and a Keyboard?

Digital pianos and keyboards are designed to accomplish very different things. A digital piano as the name suggests, is intended simply to be a digital replication of an acoustic piano. They have weighted keys so that the experience of playing one more closely resembles a traditional piano. Digital pianos have been designed to be less expensive, easier to maintain, and much easier to transport.

Digital Keyboards are usually lighter than digital pianos, and often do not have weighted keys. Digital keyboards make their sound electronically. In other words, they require an amplifier and loudspeaker to produce sound.

Best keyboards for beginners in India 2021

Buying a new keyboard is surely an exciting decision for many of us and especially for the beginners. But before you begin with your musical journey it is very necessary to buy a right keyboard as a beginner. Musicals keyboards start from a small range for beginners to large professional keyboards. The only difference with professional musical keyboards is the additional musical note synthesis and extra audio features.  Following keyboard models are best for beginners:

  1. Casio CT-S300 61-Keys Portable Keyboard
  2. Yamaha PSRF51 61-Keys Portable Keyboard
  3. Yamaha PSR-E-363 61-Key Touch Sensitive Portable Keyboard
  4. Yamaha PSR-E263 61-Key Portable Keyboard
  5. Yamaha PSR-SX600. An entry-level arranger keyboard for professionals
  6. Yamaha PSR-SX700 keyboard for professionals
  7. Yamaha PSR-SX900 keyboard for professionals

Picking the Best Way to Learn Keyboard in 2021

You’re reading this article because you want to learn playing music keyboard. You are also reading this article because you don’t know where to start. Here we will provide the knowledge you need to achieve your dream. Just sit back, relax and follow the material.

After reading this article, you’ll able to select better options. You’ll also be able to choose the method that suits you best according to your goals, budget and time. In the end, you’ll be ready to take action, putting your fingers to the keyboard keys.

Thanks to the internet today. Now a days you can avoid the time, expense and hassle of traveling to a institute or to a teacher. Online courses, interactive apps, and live lessons through bring lessons to your home, making learning the keyboard or piano more convenient than ever before. If you struggle to understand a lesson, you don’t have to wait an entire week for your next lesson in these internet courses, because you can repeat your lessons whenever you like. Although these advantages carry potential disadvantages as well.

Online courses and mobile apps cannot assess your posture, and they are unable to offer you personalized feedback as a teacher may do. So, while online or internet can make learning keyboard or piano more interesting, learning from an instructor can make your journey more exciting and inspiring.

The 12 Note Pattern

Let’s check out some piano keyboard diagrams to see it more clearly. After that, you’ll learn how to see the pattern for yourself.

First, let’s see a close-up of just one 12-key section of a piano:

This is the special 12-note pattern of piano keys that we need to become really familiar with.

Next, let’s look at a keyboard with more than just 12 keys. The diagram below shows a 12-note pattern repeated across a 3-octave keyboard. Basically, a keyboard with 3 “octaves” is just a keyboard that has 3 of these 12-note patterns we’ve been learning about.

Tones and Semitones – the building blocks of scales 

Semitone or The Half Step

Semitone, also known as the half step, is the basic unit of measurement in Western music. The distance between any two neighboring notes on the piano is called a semitone, or half-step. Each and every note on the piano is a semitone away from the note immediately next to it, whether white or black.

Tones or The Whole Step

The whole step, or whole tone, is simply twice the size of a half-step. If we start on any note and count up or down two notes, black or white, we will have traveled a whole step away from the starting note:

Learning the notes of the Keyboard and Piano in Desi Style

Before we can learn how to play scales chords it is vital that we learn the notes on keyboard and how they relate to each other. The best way to describe the notes on the keyboard is by comparing them to the notes of the alphabets. The first seven notes of the keyboard are ( A – B – C – D -E – F – G ). Each note differs with each other in sound. Below are all seven notes of the keyboard. Notice that the seven notes of keyboard repeat themselves over and over again. That the notes sound the same but the pitch differs. For example if you play C and move to the right until you find the next C, you will notice that if you play them simultaneously, both notes sounds the same but one is higher than the other.

Middle C marks the center of the keyboard. As you will notice the C Major is the easiest and simplest scale of the twelve. In C Major Scale you may play the song “ik pyar kaa nagma hai”. It consists all the white keys from any starting C to the next. C. The diagram below represents the C major scale in all three octaves. C major can be written as ( C maj, CM ).

Left Octave Middle Octave Right Octave

A standard semi professional music keyboard has 48 keys.  You will see 4 sets of 12 keys and total 48 keys.  One of these 12 set of notes is technically called an octave. In Indian music “Sa” note is based on your reference note or the key you selected as starting point. After Sa the first note will be ‘Re’ komal and then ‘Re’ tiver and so on. You can start playing Indian or Pakistani song from any key and the first note will become ‘Sa’ elsewhere. In Western music Middle C octave that is also called the Middle C scale etc starts from the first white key. On your keyboard, middle C octave is located somewhere near the middle.

Note:  ‘Sa’ does not “map” always onto ‘C’ or ‘C#’. It could start at F and still form a S R G M PD N sargam. In the western music system the ‘C’ note” itself does not change and scales denote the pitch changes. Thus Western music system has an “absolute” (fixed) naming for the keys whereas in Indian the notation is “relative. Whereas in desi style lessons we have assumed Sa of Indian to C# of western, the first black key. 

Keyboard Scale

A Scale is a set of 7 notes in a proper order and intervals or a scale is set of 7 notes with predefined intervals. The distance between each note is called as interval. It is to be noted that scales and ragas are not same. Apart from having seven different notes in both western and Indian music, there are not many similarities. There is a difference between an Indian scale and western scale. Indian scale is called a thaat. Just going across “C” to “C” in a Western scale can be called as a major scale. Only few Indian scales are similar to western scales. Ragas have many dimensions to it. First, it has an emotional overtone. A raga can have 5 or more notes with intervals.

Why Practice Scales? 

Practicing scales every day will greatly improve your skill on the piano or keyboard. Not only do they increase your instant awareness of key signatures, but also build powerful finger muscles and muscle memory. Gradually building up speed in scales will transfer to speed in pieces of music you play too.

  • Practice of scales helps you learn the geography of the keyboard.
  • Use them as a warm up to a productive practice session.
  • Practice of Scales strengthen your fingers.
  • You learn your keys and key signatures really well.

How to find middle C

sharp and flat notes

The first note you learn to play is Middle ‘C’.  Middle ‘C’ is the note closest to the middle of your keyboard. Place a ‘C’ sticker on the Middle C note. Play middle C with your right hand thumb. In the above picture of Keyboard we cannot show all 48 or 61 keys of a keyboard and we showed only left octave middle octave and right octave of the keyboard. 

Finger Numbers

The left and right hand fingers are numbered as shown above in the diagram. The thumb of each hand is counted as the first finger and has the number one. When a flat sign is placed after a note like Bb (B Flat) it means that you play the key immediately to the left side of note B.  This note Bb will be black key just to left side and above the note B.  So, any black key always have sharp and flat notes. When a sharp sign is placed after any note like C# it means that you play the key immediately just to its right. Note that C# is always a black key just after the white key “C” and B Flat key is black key just before white key “B”. From right hand in middle octave and from note of middle ‘C” we play melody with our right hand and from left of Middle ‘C’ and in left octave of keyboard we play chords with our left hand.

C# (C Sharp) means the note just after “C” note. D# is the note just after D and E# is the note just after “E” note and so on. Here C, D, & E notes are white keys. See diagram 3 shown above for sharp notes only and diagram 4 shown below for flat notes only.

flat notes

Db (D flat) means the note just before note D that is here a black note.  Eb (E flat) is the note just before note E and so one. See Diagram 4 above. There are also two notes Cb (C flat) and Fb (flat), which are notes just before C and F, which are white keys only. Note Cb is just attached to the left side of note C and Note Fb is just attached to the left side of note F.

Notes of C# and Db are on the same key or we can say one note at the same time can be sharp or flat. If we want to locate C# note then it is the note just after note ‘C’ and when we want to locate Db (D flat) then it is the note just before note ‘D’. In other words we can name flat or sharp note at the same time to a single note. In the above given diagram 4 we have shown both sharp and flat keys together. Any black key may be sharp or flat.

The best way to describe the notes on the keyboard is by comparing them to the notes of the alphabets. The first seven notes of the keyboard are ( A – B – C – D -E – F – G ). Each note differs with each other in sound. We start from the note “C” as C, D, E, F, G, A, B,  for playing keyboards in western style.